NIH Peer Review

NIH peer review is overseen by the NIH Center for Scientific Review (CSR) which receives all applications submitted to NIH, refers them to NIH institutes and centers and to Scientific Review Groups, and reviews 75% of all applications received for scientific merit.  NIH has two levels of grant review.  At the first level, applications are either reviewed by CSR or by an NIH Institute or Center.  The second level of review occurs at the NIH Institute or Center Council level.
AAI monitors and responds, as necessary, to issues related to NIH peer review through the AAI Committee on Public Affairs Subcommittee on NIH, chaired by David Chaplin, M.D., Ph.D.  Issues that the subcommittee works on include:

  • Ensuring that NIH maintains its commitment to basic scientific research
  • Enhancing diversity in the scientific workforce
  • Making sure that early-career scientists can compete in a difficult funding environment
  • Monitoring NIH efforts to enhance rigor and transparency (or reproducibility)
  • Communicating AAI priorities in peer review to NIH leaders, such as CSR Director Richard Nakamura, Ph.D.